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BBC World News America

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U.s. 10, Italy 8, Syria 5, New York 5, Fbi 5, Jane Austen 4, Us 3, America 3, Kandahar 3, Peter King 2, Kcet 2, Rupert Murdoch 2, Murdoch 2, Newman 2, Rebekah Brooks 2, Nato 2, Los Angeles 2, Stowe 2, Damascus 2, Vermont 2,
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  WETA    BBC World News America    News/Business.  
   U.S.-targeted nightly newscast.  

    July 14, 2011
    6:00 - 6:30pm EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of compies. what can we do for you?
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>> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc news america". herber murdoch said he will appear before a british lawmakers on the phone hacking scandal. the fbi starts its own investigation in the u.s. the airline forced into hiding. a crackdown in syria continues, we cross the border to get a look at how thousands of families are living. paying a hefty price for some of jane austen's pages. an early manuscript is in the hands of the highest bidder.
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let me start by telling you to mark your calendars. next tuesday the embattled media titan rupert murdoch and his heir apparent jane will appear before british lawmakers. sending shock waves far and wide. the fbi has opened an investigation into allegations that murdoch's news corp. saw to hack into the phones of september 11 victims. we start tonight's coverage with this report from our deputy political editor. >> parliament has costumed the news of the -- to answer the questions of the mp's of why so many were hacked. >> my message to rebekah brooks
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is do the decent thing. it cannot hide away from this level of public english. >> they were reluctant witnesses. they told the committee he could not attend the future session. james murdock said he could not come. rebekah brooks said chiappone -- welcome the opportunity to do so but would not discuss anything that relates to the ongoing police investigation. the talk was of a formal summons. the threat had worked. they change their minds but they would now be coming to answer m.p.'s questions. in the second letter, james murdock said we're running to
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confirm our attendance by -- and concerned where are asked to yet answer further questions in a form on top of the judge let inquiry and the police investigation. whatever the form, the questions keep coming. why did the news of the world mislead and why were some victims paid to keep quiet? as for ms. brooks, she will be asked about what she told mps last time. the m.p. whose committee will be asking the question was optimistic. >> i hope the committee will want to learn the truth. this is not about a lynch mob or an opportunity. >> lawyer representing the family had his doubts. attend. pleased he will we will be skeptical that we're going to see the three monkeys.
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undoubtedly they saw no phone hacking and no one was speaking about phone hacking. >> has -- rupert murdoch says he handled the question well and denied it would close his papers and would use next week to establish integrity. the scene is set for an extraordinary opportunity. it will be historic and fitter and not to be missed -- bitter and not to be missed. >> pressure continues to mount in britain. in the u.s., the fbi is closing allegations that news corp. tried to hack into the phone records of victims of the 9/11 attack. more on that border of the story -- part of the story. news corp. is headquartered in new york. the fbi seems to be bowing to
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pressure from politicians. >> that is right. what happened last night, a republican congressman from long island called on the fbi to open an investigation and two reports there was an attempt to obtain the phone records and numbers of the 9/11 victims, especially british victims and this attempt was made by "news of the world" reporters. this is the allegation. made in a rival newspaper. this is what it politicians want to have investigated. 9/11 is a totemic issue as we approach the 10th anniversary. people cannot believe this could be -- possibly have happened.
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i understand the investigation is in its preliminary stages. it does not mean a thing has done wrong but murdoch was a company is facing investigations on both sides of the atlantic. >> we heard a little bit about his interview. he came out fighting in "the wall street journal". "the wall street journal" is owned by news corp. and he said his company has handled the crisis extremely well in every possible, making minor mistakes. he calls reports of a sell-off, that have been speculated on that he will get rid of news international group, he described that as pure and total rubbish. >> thank you. joining those calling for further investigations is bruce
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brailey. you say in your letter to the chair that you have concerns about vacuums -- hacking may have extended to u.s. citizens. what are those concerns are what evidence do have? >> we know there are concerns about the possibility that voice mails from 9/11 victims have been improperly obtained and because we do not know the identity of those victims and where the resided, there is a possibility that u.s. citizens could have improperly had their voice mails or electronic communications improperly access by news corps or someone acting on their behalf. because of the growing alarm about that issue, i have joined my house colleagues peter king and louise slaughter, both of whom are from new york and both of come had a strong interest in protecting those victims in
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calling for further investigations to make sure that there has been no violation of u.s. law under statutes like the federal corrupt practices act and make sure that we're providing the type of oversight that the constitution requires of us. >> is that there was a possibility there was some u.s. victims of this. where is the evidence and what evidence do you have? is this a fishing expedition? >> it is not for the chair of the homeland security committee who was a republican from new york, peter king, would not be asking the fbi to investigate these same matters. it is a legitimate concern for those of us who have a sense of decency and a desire to protect the privacy of american citizens. to ask for questions and push for answers as to how far this reach when and to was subject to these abuses. >> no one has come forward to you or other senators involved and said i think i have been
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looking at theur u.k. and wondering if the same thing happen. >> 9/11 victims for most people, that implies a citizen of the united states even though there were many international victims of that horrible tragedy and that is why it is important for us in our oversight capacity to get to the bottom of this. >> the uk has announced an inquiry. prime ministers in australia my review media laws as a result of this scandal. do you want this to be -- to lead to greater regulation of the media or are you trying to weed out any potential wrongdoing at news corp.? >> any regulation of the media is subject to some -- strong first amendment protection. i was a journalism student in the aftermath of watergate. we learned journalism was about
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accuracy, integrity, and reliability. that is what we have seen a complete change of over the last 25 years and if you look at some of these allegations against news corp., you see that blurring of the line between news gathering, opinion, political propaganda, and now invasion of privacy on behalf of individuals in the u.k. and possibly here in the u.s. that is why these are serious matters that deserve investigation. >> thank you. >> now to syria where a deadly protest continues. reports that two people have been killed in a town near the border with iraq. since the protests began, 1400 civilians and 1500's security personnel have died. foreign journalists are unable to travel and report freely but
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our correspondent took me across the border near the turkish -- a turkish village. route.ing the smugglers rippe everyone treads carefully to avoid the border guards. we are told to run. since this conflict began, the regime has tried to control what the world sees and hears. we have come to find out we are traveling on the syrian side of the border. we have to keep a pretty low profile. we're in the back of a farmer's truck. the seller -- syrian military and police have been into this
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area and is not safe to stay out in the open to long. the security forces have tried to crush anti-government protests. causing more people to leave their towns and villages. we're taken to a camp in the woods. it is not much, but it is home. thousands of families have been forced into hiding. they treat strangers with caution. some have been here for months. they'll have a story to tell. it is remarkable how similar they are. terrace by government attacks, living in fear of a late-night visit from the thugs who do the regime's during work. what has life been like here for his wife and children? >> the serrie and arent and the secret police moved around in the trees and check on that people. they want to catch people and
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accused them of being criminals. they went into the houses and villages and damage them. that is why no one returns to their homes. >> the syrian army keeps a watchful eye on the hills. they have taken sides with the regime. rare testimony of what that means. he deserted after being given an order he could not follow. he was given a gun and live ammunition and told to shoot unarmed protesters in their way. look at this rare demonstration in damascus. the bbc has been given this footage which shows what happens to protesters. we cannot verify this but it appears regime to thugs threatened and be those who wanted change. this is now a fight for their future and in a country that is a fragile mix of race and religion, it is also a battle
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for the shape of this region. this arab revolution is going to be a long and bloody struggle for freedom. >> joining me now to discuss the canoeing -- continuing crackdown, the u.s. ambassador to syria. we saw in that report one soldier deserting but many still stay loyal to the president. a stalemate seems to be going on for several months now. protests and brutal crackdown. what is going to break it? >> it could continue as it is for some time because -- billing >> is that sustainable? >> it could be. on the one hand the syrian people who choose to come out and demonstrate are showing great courage and resiliency far beyond what anyone expected and on the other hand, intelligence units are composed of a minority
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sect to which the president of syria belongs and they are fearful of what happens if there president falls to demonstrators and what their future will be. >> any chance of staying in egypt, the military siding with them? >> there is no chance of most of the military going out. there are other units in the military that may be less reliable than some of the weaker units that assaad has depended on to suppress these demonstrations. >> we saw the secretary of state and the present -- president ramping up the rhetoric against president assaad. was it because of the embassy attack or is there more here? why is the usa more now? >> there is a bit more, certainly, the attack on the u.s. embassy was a humiliation and that needed a response. that was a vile act. but also the administration has been under a lot of attack in congress and conservatives and even from some democrats for not coming out more strongly on the
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side of the demonstrators. they may have seen this as an opportunity to shift course of it. >> that seems to be a ramp up on policy. the secretary of state has said he lost legitimacy. that is a ramp up but it is not in a signal that the u.s. is likely to become more directly involved. >> in your time in damascus, what is president assaad thinking now? this he think he can get through this? >> one thing i am confident he is thinking is why is not all this repression working? repression always worked for this regime. yet as i said, these demonstrators are showing greater resilience and it may have been a watershed when 200,000 or 300,000 people came out last friday in hama, the fourth largest city in syria
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and then had to shake assaad badly. >> thank you for coming in. in other news, business in karachi has come to a near standstill following overnight violence in which 14 people died. many shops and businesses were closed and streets deserted. the city has a long history of communal hatred which has been reignited by a fresh political row. the camp built one year ago in his country will open for refugees fleeing the drought and conflict in somalia. they ut in houses rather than tents and its permanency caused officials to fear that this would be permanent. you are watching "bbc news america". italy becomes the latest country to rollout austerity measures designed to keep the debt crisis
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at bay. now, to afghanistan where five people were killed today in a blast inside a mosque. the attack was carried out by a man who hit explosives in his turban. it happened in kandahar during a memorial service to president karzai's brother was assassinated this week. for more of the president brothers and the governor were in kandahar. >> another deadly attack in the heart of kandahar. top afghan officials were attending a prayer service for the president's half brother when the bomber struck. elite police units secured the area. among the dead, an influential cleric. a man opposed to the taliban.
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like so many other tax, the brunt of it was borne by ordinary afghans. more people are also dying from nato air strikes. late on wednesday, six villages were attacked among the victims, women and children. it led to a wave of anger. protests have taken place pressing for the withdrawal of western forces. that is about to happen imminently. some are wondering, at what cost? starting next week and over the next several months, thousands of nato troops have begun to a withdrawal. handing over security to local afghan forces. questions are being raised about whether there are taking on the role especially after these high-profile killings.
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>> now, austerity is a word and a condition many europeans have been forced to adopt all though it is sparking massive protests across the continent. italy's senate passed its own cost-cutting package coming after investors started to worry that the eurozone could be the largest economy to be sucked into the debt crisis. our europe panter reports. italy has been told that is on the front line in the current battle over the eurozone crisis. and the reason is debt. the italian senate debated an
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emergency austerity package brought forward to car markets word about italian debt. the italian finance minister told senators the country was watching. he warned that public debt could devour our future and the future of our children. passions ran high. public-sector wages will now be affected. the parliament looks set to pass this budget. >> we are dealing with -- the defense of the european currency. this is not against italy, it is currency.urope's >> it is looking to make 42 billion pounds in savings over three years. it is under pressure because its debt is at 120% of gdp. its total debt is 1.6 trillion
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pounds and officially gets into trouble, it is simply too big to be rescued. italy does have impressive designers and world famous brands. what this masks is low productivity and low growth. some of those who oppose today's austerity package fear that without growth, italy cannot escape its problems. >> we need to put the debt under control but this package is not enough and you cannot put that under control if you do not promote growth. we would be back to squre one. -- square one. >> most of the savings will not take effect until 2013. borrowing costs are close to being unsustainable. the austerity package comes here to italy's lower house tomorrow and it is expected to be passed. it is causing concern but the real focus remains away from here in greece and there are
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deep divisions about how to organize a second bailout for that country. >> of italy, the home of antiquity, facing many problems. no such concern for an antique manuscript written by jane austen. it sold for $1.50 million. we have more on "the watsons". >> an exit from the unfinished novel. describing the heroine, the daughter of a clergyman. , also atin's father clergyman, actually died. believed to be the reason she
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abandoned the story. the handwritten fragment was sold at auction. bidding was fears with interest from around the world. -- fierce with interest from around the world. the manuscript was just sold for a little bit under 1 million pounds. excitement was palpable. three times its estimated volume. it is a lot of money for something you could buy in book form 4 6 pounds 99 and can see the manuscript free online. why pay that amount of money? >> very rarely would you have an opportunity to buy something on the open market and of course, seeing jane austen's handwriting is -- this object she actually touched, is quite different from reading the printed book. >> there was a good chance the manuscript would go abroad but i can reveal that it was bought by a british institution, a library
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in oxford aided by the national heritage memorial fund. >> it is worth every single penny. this was the last fiction manuscript in private ownership. we felt very strongly that we needed to step in and bring it into public ownership for the enjoyment of the nation. >> virginia woolf once said that jane austen was the most difficult offer to catch in the act of greatness but this work in process is rare example. so scarce that future generations might consider it priceless. >> amazing sense of history there. that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. you can find updates on our website and to see where we are -- what we're working on. go to our facebook page. thank you for watching. please tune into the broadcast
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when we are next on tomorrow. goodbye. f international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to
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work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles. >> yes. >> i'm afraid she's dead., wou't you say? >> oh, now, really. i didna pros
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